Golden Triangle Universities

The Golden Triangle Universities are a collection of three prestigious universities located in the United Kingdom. The universities are the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and London. These universities are renowned for their world-class teaching and research, and their graduates are highly sought after by employers around the world. With centuries of history and tradition, the Golden Triangle Universities have a reputation for excellence and are known as some of the best universities in the world.

Planning to study abroad? Have you heard about the Golden Triangle Universities? Named consistently as the top universities in the UK, Universities have unparalleled eminence. Let’s go through the details about each of these universities.

What is Special About Golden Triangle Universities?

The Golden Triangle Universities is an unofficial term according to the highly funded, elite research universities in the Southern English cities of Cambridge, London and Oxford. The Golden Triangle is also referred to as the Loxbridge triangle, a portmanteau of London and Oxbridge. These universities are well-reputed academic institutions, especially in the field of research. 

The first two corners of the Golden Triangle Universities are formed by the University of Cambridge, and the University of Oxford. The last corner includes the remaining universities in London. Some sources omit the King’s College and the London School of Economics and Political Science in the Golden Triangle. Occasionally, other universities like the London Business School and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine are also considered. 

The following is a list of all the universities that form the Golden Triangle with their respective rankings:

Institution Times Higher Education (2022) QS World University Rankings (2022)
University of Oxford 1 2
University of Cambridge 6 3
Imperial College London 11 7
King’s College 35 35
London School of Economics and Political Science 27 49
University College London 16 8

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Members of the Golden Triangle Universities

Following is the list of Golden Triangle Universities:

The University of Oxford, Oxford

The University of Oxford is a collegiate research university in England. Established around 925 years ago, it is the world’s oldest university in the English-speaking world. The university is made up of 39 semi-autonomous constituent colleges, 6 permanent private halls, and a range of academic departments which are organised into 4 divisions. The reason for Oxford being a part of the Golden Triangle universities is well justified. It operates the world’s oldest university museum, as well as the largest university press in the world and the largest academic library system nationwide.

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The University of Cambridge, Cambridge

The University of Cambridge is a public research university that was founded in 1206. It incorporates 31 semi-autonomous constituent colleges and over 150 academic departments, faculties and other institutions organised into six schools. Cambridge University Press & Assessment combines the oldest and second-largest university press in the world. It operates eight cultural and scientific museums, several libraries and started the Cambridge Union – the world’s oldest debating society. By endowment size, Cambridge is the wealthiest university in Europe. 

Also Read: Oldest universities in the world

Imperial College London, London

In 1907, Imperial College was established by the Royal Charter, merging the Royal College of Science, Royal School of Mines, and City and Guilds College. The college focuses exclusively on science, technology, medicine and business. The college’s main campus is located in South Kensington, and it has an innovation campus in White City, a research field station at Silwood Park, and teaching hospitals throughout London.

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King’s College, London

Established in 1829, King’s College London is one of the oldest universities in England. King’s has five campuses including its historic Strand Campus in central London. As a part of the Golden Triangle, it is a member of numerous academic organisations, houses six Medical Research Council centres and founded the world’s first nursing school. In 2019-20.

London School of Economics and Political Science, London

LSE  was established in 1895 by Fabian Society members. It is located in Westminster, Central London, near the boundary between Covent Garden and Holborn. One hundred and fifty-five nationalities are represented amongst the LSE’s student body and the school has the second-highest percentage of international students (70%) of all world universities. 

Also Read: How to Get Admission in London School of Economics

University College London, London

Established in 1826, as London University, UCL was the first university institution to be established in London and to operate entirely secularly. UCL has its main campus in the Bloomsbury area of central London, with a number of institutes and teaching hospitals elsewhere in central London and satellite campuses in Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in Stratford, east London and in Doha, Qatar. UCL is organised into 11 constituent faculties, within which there are over 100 departments, institutes and research centres. 

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Research in the Golden Triangle Universities

One of the reasons why the Golden Triangle has gained popularity and acceptance as ‘elite’ universities across the globe is because of their contribution and faculty in the innovation and research sector. 

  • The institutions typically considered members of the triangle have among the highest research incomes of all British universities and collaborate closely through initiatives such as the G5, Global Medical Cluster (GMEC), MedCity,[52] and SES. 
  • With the exception of the LSE, significant fractions of their research income come from clinical medicine, varying from 38.2% (Cambridge) to 58.9% (King’s College London), compared to an average across the UK of 33.7%. Overall, 48.1% of the research income of the six institutions (48.8% excluding the LSE) comes from clinical medicine research. 
  • Overall, 31.9% of all research income of UK universities, about 161 universities in 2018/19 went to one of the golden triangle institutions.

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