MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) is an undergraduate medical degree awarded upon completion of an accredited medical program. It is the most sought after medical degree in India and is the most common entry-level medical qualification for those who wish to pursue a career in the medical field. MBBS degree holders can practice as medical doctors, pursue higher education in the medical field, and work in research and development. MBBS is a five-year program and is divided into two parts – pre-clinical and clinical. The pre-clinical stage focuses on the basic sciences such as anatomy, physiology, biochemistry and pharmacology, while the clinical stage focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. The MBBS curriculum is designed to provide a strong foundation in medicine and equip students with the skills and knowledge necessary to practice medicine.

The human body’s uniqueness has captivated mankind for millennia. We’ve dedicated our lives to finding remedies for incurable diseases, understanding how the human body works, and extending human life. This practice has progressed from a philosophical topic to a well-established scientific specialty over time. Medical schools now have one of the highest enrollment rates in the world, because of the COVID 19 pandemic. The MBBS degree is one of the most prestigious courses in the field of medicine. We’ll take a closer look at what an MBBS degree is and how to apply for one in 2023 in this blog.


Course Name  MBBS
Full-Form  Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgeons
Course Level Undergraduate (UG)
Course Duration 5.5 years
Eligibility 10 + 2 in PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) from any recognized board with aggregate marks of more than 50%
Admission Process Entrance exam + Interview 
Tuition Fee 10,000 to 25,00,000 per year in India 
Exam Type Semester Wise
Job Profile Junior Doctor, Doctor, Physician, Junior Surgeon, etc
Average Salary Starts from 10 lakhs per year – 20 lakhs per year
Placement Areas In the government and private sector

What is an MBBS Degree?

The MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) degree is a professional undergraduate degree that focuses on preparing you for a future in medicine. MBBS stands for Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae in Latin. As the name suggests, it is two separate degrees that are integrated into one discipline and presented together in practice. The programme is 5.5 years long and includes a one-year internship. It is an undergraduate medical programme that allows students to pursue their goals of becoming doctors or surgeons. This course is open to students who have studied PCB in their 12th class.

Advantages of an MBBS degree

Here are some of the popular reasons why MBBS can be an advantage for your professional career.

  • Study Human Body in-depth – If you are fascinated by the human body then an MBBS degree will give you a closer understanding of the complex physical structure of humans.
  • Stable Job – Perhaps the medical industry is one of those industries where there can never be a scarcity for jobs as long as the human race is alive. So even through an apocalypse, you will find stability in your medical career after an MBBS.
  • Universal Subject- Medical science is a universal subject that practices the same terminologies all over the world. There will be plenty of study and work options for you all over the world.

MBBS Eligibility

The requirements for an MBBS application vary depending on the country and university to which you wish to apply. The following are some general eligibility requirements that aspirants must achieve in order to pursue an MBBS:

  • A level high school certificate with science subjects, Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Math (optional), etc.
  • If you are already a graduate student, you will require an honours degree in science at 2:1 or above or an equivalent degree. 
  • English Language Proficiency Test scores, such as an IELTS score of 6.5–7.0 or equivalent TOEFL or C1 Advanced language certificates if planning to pursue the degree abroad.
  • 3.0 or better GPA, or equivalent
  • You may also need to take a nationally recognised specialised medical exam, such as the NEET in India, the UCAT or BMAT in the United Kingdom, the MCAT in the United States, and others, depending on the country.
  • It’s possible that you’ll need to take a Foundation programme to verify or meet the prerequisites for the MBBS programme.
  • Foreign colleges also examine if you have the required skillset and abilities to become a doctor in the future.

Note: The criteria listed above are general requirements for pursuing an MBBS degree. To gain a more accurate view, visit the university’s official website or call our Leverage Edu student counsellors at 1800572000 to learn more about the specific criteria for pursuing an MBBS from abroad.

Document Checklist 

Given below is a list of important documents that you might need to provide for an MBBS application: 

  • Application form, duly filled
  • Entrance exam and English Proficiency test scorecards 
  • Personal identification documents
  • Statement of purpose (SOP) and/or motivation letter 
  • Letters of recommendation (LOR)
  • Copies of your diplomas and, depending on the situation, translations in English
  • Past academic transcripts and records
  • Other proof of voluntary or work experience related to the healthcare sector (if any)
  • Student passport and visa if planning to pursue MBBS abroad
  • Personal passport-sized photographs

Note: Keep in mind that depending on the application process, each university or medical school may demand extra documents.

MBBS Admissions

Various medical institutions and universities offer a variety of ways for students to enrol in the MBBS programme. Educational institutions utilise a variety of approaches to enrol applicants in Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery programmes. Applicants must follow the various strategies with a complete understanding in order to gain university admissions and earn an MBBS degree. The numerous methods for candidates to gain admission to this degree are outlined below.

Entrance exams An entrance examination, which is utilised by colleges and universities in India and worldwide, is the most popular way for approving students. In order to obtain an MBBS degree, students must take a variety of entrance tests. Students can apply to high-ranking universities that offer these degrees based on their exam scores.
Merit-based There are many institutions and universities that offer individuals admission based on their 10 + 2 grades. The eligibility criteria are based on 10 + 2 competencies. These universities frequently accept students who are on their cut-off lists. However, there are a limited number of these colleges, and an entrance exam is required for this degree.

MBBS Syllabus

Although the MBBS syllabus may vary from country to country and college to college, given below is a general MBBS syllabus that you can refer to: 

Year 1

Semester-I Semester-II
Fundamentals of Disease and Treatment Health and the Environment
Introduction to Medical Practice I Basic Haematology
Cell Biology Healthcare Concepts
Locomotor System Neuroscience 1 (Peripheral System)
Introduction to Molecular Medicine Respiratory System
Introduction of Embryology and Histology

Year 2

Semester-III Semester-IV
General Pathology Systemic Pathology
Neoplasia Haematology
Hereditary Disorder Cardiovascular System
Environmental Pathology Alimentary System
Nutrition Disorders Common Symptoms and Signs

Year 3

Semester-V Semester-VI
Special Pathology Epidemiology of communicable diseases
Clinical Pathology Epidemiology of non‐communicable diseases
General Pathology Reproductive and child health
Growth Disturbance and Neoplasia
Infectious Diseases

Year 4

Semester-VII Semester-VIII
Infectious disease Endocrine disease
Nutritional disease Metabolic and Bone disease
Geriatric disease Nervous system
Diseases of the immune system, connective tissue and joints Emergency medicine and critical care
Haematology & oncology Brain Death, Organ donation, Organ preservation

Year 5

Semester-IX Semester-X
Nervous system Internship 
Kidney disease
Environmental disorders, poisoning and snakebite
Emergency medicine and critical care

Also Read: MBBS Subjects [Semester Wise List] 

MBBS Specialisations

In the contemporary world context, the MBBS degree allows graduates to be marketable. In the medical field, there is a huge demand from medical practitioners all around the world. The following is a list of the most popular and trending MBBS specialisations offered by medical schools:

  • Ophthalmology
  • General Medicine
  • Orthopedics
  • General Surgery
  • Anesthesiology
  • Obstetrics & Genecology
  • Psychiatry
  • Pediatrics
  • Dermatology
  • ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat)

Study MBBS Abroad

Here is the basic procedure that aspirants must follow in order to pursue MBBS abroad:

  1. Get in touch with a Leverage Edu Student Counsellor to find the best-fit university and MBBS course according to your eligibility and interests with the help of our revolutionary AI Course Finder tool.
  2. Check the university’s application deadline to be sure it hasn’t passed for this year.
  3. Typically, the first step is to sign up for an online application service offered by the university or the government of the country.
  4. In general, the number of programmes to which you can apply in a country is limited.
  5. Prepare and appear in important entrance exams that are required to pursue MBBS abroad. 
  6. Submit your application materials and document to the university online.
  7. If all of your documents are in order, you will be invited to one or more application interviews, depending on the university.
  8. Start your student visa application after receiving confirmation or an offer letter from the university.

Take a look at the following table elucidating some related blogs you must check out to pursue MBBS from the listed countries: 

MBBS in the USA MBBS in Canada MBBS in Australia MBBS in Ireland MBBS in Japan
MBBS in Germany MBBS in China MBBS in New Zealand MBBS in Europe MBBS in Poland
MBBS in Malaysia MBBS in Georgia MBBS in Italy MBBS in Poland MBBS in Hungary
MBBS in Mauritius MBBS in Kyrgyzstan  MBBS in Kazakhstan MBBS in the Philippines MBBS in Ukraine
MBBS in Belarus MBBS in Romania MBBS in Bangladesh  MBBS in the Caribbean  MBBS in Nepal

Also Read: Which Country is Best for MBBS: Know our Top Picks

Top MBBS Entrance Exams

Here is a list of all the nationally and internationally recognised entrance exams that universities in India and abroad use to admit students for an MBBS degree:


NEET Exam 2023

NEET is the most important entrance exam for MBBS admissions. Check out the exam overview in the table below.

NEET Application January to February 2023
NEET Exam Admit Card 3 days prior to the exam
NEET Exam Date May 7, 2023
NEET 2023 Result August/September 2023
NEET 2023 Eligibility 1. First, students must be 18 years of age at least.
2. Students must have passed education at 10 + 2 level, with PCB and English with 50%.
3. NRI students and Indian students are aligible

Top Medical Universities in the World

Many renowned medical schools abroad offer medical degrees similar to an MBBS degree that provide students with more exposure as well as better faculty, facilities, and placement prospects. Check out some of the best international medical colleges in the following table with global rankings and average fees:

University/College QS World Ranking for Medicine 2023 Location  Average fees in INR
Harvard Medical School 1 USA 38 lakhs 
University of Oxford 2 UK 36.6 lakhs 
Stanford University 3 USA 1.30 crores
University of Cambridge 4 UK 60 lakhs 
Johns Hopkins University 5 USA 42.5 lakhs 
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) 6 USA 20 lakhs 
University College London 7 UK 27.8 lakhs 
Imperial College London 8 UK 32 lakhs 

Top Medical Colleges in India 

The top medical institutions for pursuing MBBS in India, according to the NIRF rating for 2023, are mentioned below:

College  Medical Rankings NIRF 2022 Location 
All India Institute of Medical Sciences 1 New Delhi 
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research 2 Chandigarh
Christian Medical College, Vellore  3 Vellore
National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences 4 Bangalore
Banaras Hindu University 5 Varanasi
Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research 6 Puducherry
Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences 7 Lucknow
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham 8 Coimbatore
Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram 9 Kerala
Kasturba Medical College, Manipal 10 Manipal

Scope of MBBS 

After an MBBS course, students have a plethora of career prospects and opportunities to choose from. There are two main pathways, either student can go for higher studies or can start a job. Some of the top courses that MBBS graduates can pursue after the completion of their course are mentioned below: 

  • Master of Surgery (MS)
  • Doctorate of Medicine (MD)
  • MBA 
  • Master of Science (MSc)
  • PG Diploma
  • Master of Chirurgiae (MCH)
  • Master of Dental Surgery (MDS)
  • PhD

Also read: Courses after MBBS You Must Consider

Job Prospects and Top Recruiters 

Students with an MBBS degree can work in both the public and private sectors. There are plenty of career opportunities for these specialists in biomedical firms, medical centres, healthcare institutions, laboratories, emergency rooms, community health centres, and private practice. With the rise and commercialization of the healthcare industry, MBBS students appear to have a variety of options and some of them are mentioned below:

  • Physician
  • Researcher
  • Dermatologist
  • Dentist
  • Gynaecologist
  • Medical Analyst
  • Pathologist
  • Radiologist
  • Neurologist
  • Surgeon
  • Nutritionist
  • Forensic Officer
  • Paediatrician

The top recruiters for MBBS graduates are as follows:

  • Fortis Health care
  • Apollo Hospitals
  • Columbia Asia
  • Medanta
  • Max Health Care
  • Dr. Lal Path Labs
  • Global Hospitals
  • Wockhardt Hospitals and
  • Care Hospitals
  • Government Hospitals, etc

Confused about MD cs MBBS? Here’s a blog to get rid of your confusion!

MBBS Salary

An aspirant’s average pay for MBBS fluctuates progressively. The variation may be attributable to the candidate’s passion and experience in the job, as well as the sector and firm in which they operate. The compensation scale for the MBBS course is listed below, according to years of experience.

Experience (in years) Average Starting Salary in INR  Salary Scale-Up in INR 
0-6 years 4 to 6 lakh per annum 7 to 10 lakh per annum
6-12 years 8 to 10 lakh per annum 10 to 12 lakh per annum
12-20 years 12 to 15 lakh per annum 15 to 25 lakh per annum

MBBS Scholarships

To know about the scholarships students can avail of for MBBS, read the table below.

Name of Scholarship Amount
Bharati Scheme for Education INR 20,000
Nationwide Education and Scholarship Test INR 50,000
HDFC Educational Crisis Scholarship INR 10,000 to 25,000
Vahani Scholarship Entirety of course fee

MBBS Books

To prepare and to get a better understanding of MBBS, listed below are some of the more relevant books.

  1. Textbook of Physiology By A. K. Jain
  2. Molecular Biology By Vasudevan
  3. Gray’s Anatomy For Students By Henry Gray
  4. Head and Neck By Vishram Singh
  5. Carbs, Proteins, and Fat Metabolism By Satyanarayan

A well-informed decision goes a long way in forging a great career in medicine after an MBBS degree. The counsellors at Leverage Edu have made it their motive for life to support students facing any difficulty about career choice, application or course prospects and have always endeavored to give students a leg up. Call us at 1800572000 to book a free consultation with our experts today!